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School Hallway Lockers Made of High-Density Polyethylene (HDPE)

New fire code-approved HDPE plastic lockers provide green school advantages

January 2014
Sponsored by Scranton Products

By Peter J. Arsenault, FAIA, NCARB, LEED AP

Continuing Education

Use the following learning objectives to focus your study while reading this month’s Continuing Education article.

Learning Objectives - After reading this article, you will be able to:

  1. Identify and recognize the durability and sustainability characteristics of HDPE plastic lockers as compared to other material choices for lockers.
  2. Investigate the design options in using HDPE plastic lockers that make them suitable for school hallway locker installations including acoustic indoor environmental quality benefits.
  3. Assess the contributions of HDPE plastic lockers to green building and product programs such as the LEED for Schools program and GREENGUAR D Schools and Children certification.
  4. Specify HDPE plastic lockers with green attributes and recycled content for use in K-12 school corridor settings.

Credits: 1.00 HSW

Lockers used in a K-12 school corridor have a lot of demands placed on them. They need to hold up to heavy daily use and sometimes abuse, they need to be easy to maintain, and they need to work within the overall design scheme for the school building where they are located. When they are used in green school designs, they are subject to the scrutiny of additional requirements including material usage choices and contributions to indoor air quality. The traditional selections of metal and wood lockers are now being supplemented by products made out of high-density polyethylene (HDPE) which address all of these common and green building demands. Further, recent material improvements make them fire code approved for use in hallways while offering design options suitable for many school building designs.

Performance characteristics of locker materials

All lockers used in schools are made to address issues of strength, durability, maintenance, cost effectiveness, and related criteria. Some perform better than others in meeting these criteria with the difference commonly coming down to the materials used for their fabrication. This is illustrated in the following discussion comparing metal, wood, and HDPE lockers.

Metal Lockers
Lockers made out of painted metal have been a common and long-standing choice among many school districts and architects. They are typically viewed as a low-cost option and a standardized product. However, the cost benefit is limited to the initial purchase cost of the lockers only. Over time, they have been shown to require significant maintenance and attention which translates to more costs for several reasons. While metal is seen to be fairly durable, it certainly bends and is susceptible to dents and other damage. Sometimes that damage interferes with the proper operation of the locker meaning it must be repaired right away to continue to be usable. Other times it may simply be unsightly, or may cause damage to the paint covering the metal as well. When the paint is compromised, then the metal is unprotected and that can lead to further damage such as corrosion or rust. This creates issues of both security and appearance if the damage occurs on the outside of the locker. It can also be a significant issue on the inside of the locker, particularly if wet boots or other items are placed on the metal locker bottom, scraping the paint off and causing rusting of the bottom. That rust could eventually require the bottom or the whole locker unit to be replaced. Additionally, it could stain adjacent surfaces that would then require corrective maintenance.

In addition to the durability limitations of painted metal lockers, there are issues with keeping them clean and attractive, particularly in hallway locations. Painted metal has very low resistance to graffiti, scuffs, and stains. Removal of any of these is typically not an easy task and may require the use of solvents that can damage the painted surfaces. The choice of available cleaners may also be limited by indoor air quality concerns, particularly in a green school building. In certain cases, removal may not be readily possible and the only option is to repaint. It is no surprise then that the cost of repainting metal lockers is often factored into school operating and maintenance budgets because it is regularly required and anticipated. While this repainting might be needed because of any of the damage or vandalism issues discussed previously, it might also be attributed to fading over time, particularly if the lockers are subjected to direct sunlight. Whatever, the reason, it adds costs to the use and operation of the lockers which aren't always recognized when the focus is only on initial up-front costs.

When it comes to the actual opening and closing of metal lockers, it should be noted that the metal is a noisy material. Locker doors banging or just operating normally can generate a notable noise level, particularly if many of them in a corridor are being accessed at the same time.

Photo courtesy of Scranton Products

 

Originally published in the January 2013 issue of Architectural Record
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